MAIZE

Corn/Maize – lat. Zea mays

Over a sixty-year period, maize breeding professionals have achieved extraordinary results in creation of Bc hybrids of maize. A large number of high-yield linear hybrids of maize has been registered and used in Croatian production and abroad.

The permanent objective of maize breeding is to create new superior hybrids for various purposes of use in diverse agricultural and environmental conditions of farming.

Maize breeding is a scientific research process taking place based on a large number of samples in climatologically different years. The main objective of the breeding professionals is to obtain self-fertilising lines and discover their best F1 hybrid combinations. Maize hybrids are required to provide high and stable yields and quality. Grain yield is the most significant property conditioned by a large number of genes, and it depends on the level of selection of other significant properties, such as stem strength, resistance against and tolerance for diseases and pests and stressful environment conditions. All our hybrids have been created through standard breeding methods without genetic manipulation.

Since recognition of the first Bc hybrid of maize (Bc 590, in 1961/62) over 300 hybrids have been recognised through scientific work of several generations of breeding professionals (FAO 100 – 800). All hybrids which are in production also are a part of European variety list, and most in other countries (Serbia, Turkey, Iran, Ukraine, Russia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Kosovo, Kazakhstan, Albania).

Thanks to origin qualitative properties, method of perfection, treatment and seed packaging, Bc hybrids of maize have been awarded prestigious “Croatian Quality” sign by the Croatian Chamber of Economy. The quality sign represents a guarantee that the product possesses exceptional quality.

HYBRIDFAP GROUPTYPE AND CHARACTERISTICS
BC244
250Quality dent
• medium tall, thin and strong stem
• narrow, curled, light green leaves
• highly developed root: lower resistance to drought and excellent resistance to lodging
• medium-sized ear, uniform, 12-14 rows, enveloped by loose husk
• very thin, red corncob
• medium-large, orange-red grain
BC282
280Quality dent
• short, strong stem
• excellent early growth
• red, quality grain
• suitable for dense stands and first sowing terms
• maize growers accept this hybrid as early “PAJDAŠ”
BC294
290Quality dent
• excellent early vigor
• high and stif stalk, resistant to breakage
• well developed ear with 14-16 kernel rows
• dent like grain
• excellent dry down
• excellent performance in high density
BC306
320Quality dent
• excellent early growth
• high-yielding with low water content
• tall, strong stem with upright leaves
• excellent-tipped, medium-sized ears
• very high-quality grain
• for more intensive agro-technical measures
BC344
300Quality dent
• excellent combination of all economic properties
• high and stable yield
• short and strong stem
• large, low growing ears
• large, reddish grain
• proven Bc quality of grain
BC354
360
Dent
• teste hybrid, in demand
• excellent grain yield
• good yielding results even with lower investments
• long ear with loose husks
• red grain
• easy harvesting
Alibi
320Dent
• modern hybrid for high agricultural technology
• excellent early growth and rapid release of water from the grains
• medium tall and uniform stem
• well tip filling ears with 14-16 rows
• yellow, dent grain
• excellent response to stand increases
Thriller
370Dent
• high and stable yield
• excellent drought tolerance and early growth
• tall, strong, intensely colored stem with upright leaves
• medium-sized, well tipped ears with 14-16 rows
• deep, yellow, dent grain
• the best results achieving in more intensive agro-technical measures
• high quality results at the silage trials in Western Europe
BC323
330Dent
• modern hybrid
• excellent yield petential
• excellent early growth
• excellent dry down
• excellent drought tolerance
• excellent response to stand increases
• for more intensive production


Kekec
330Semiflint
• high-yielding with excellent grain quality
• somewhat taller stem of excellent strength
• low growing, medium-sized ears
• excellent early growth, suitable for early sowing terms
• tolerates denser stands and intensive agro-technical measures
• rapid release of water from grains
BC408B


480Dent
• stable in production
• also excellent in more modest production conditions
• taller and strong stem
• large ear with loose husks
• easy harvesting
BC418B
460Quality dent
• for grain and silage
• improved grain quality
• exceptionally strong stem
• long green leaf
• excellent yield in dense stands too
• drought tolerant
BC424
460Quality dent
• hybrid of exceptional yielding potential
• somewhat taller, strong stem with upright leaf
• medium-sized, uniform and cylindrical, low growing ears
• large, orange-yellow grain in the form of dent
• excellent drought tolerance
• excellent response to stand increases
BC462
420Semiflint
• unique quality of grain, flour and semolina
• performs well in droughts
• short stem
• increased beta-carotene and xanthophyll contents
• provides the highest semolina yield during milling
Jumbo 48
480Dent
• markedly long ears
• large, yellow grain
• easy harvesting
• excellent yield in sparser stands
• producers’ favourite
Pajdaš
490Quality dent
• high yield and grain quality
• excellent early growth
• short and strong stem
• long, green leaf
• large ear
• red, large grain
• European corn borer tolerant
Mejaš
450Dent
• medium tall and strong stem
• longer retains green leaf even in stress conditions
• ear is very large with 14-16 rows
• grain is large, orange-yellow color
• top quality grain
• provides the greatest yields in moderate stands
BC406
410Dent
• excellent early vigor
• medium high and stiff stalk
• upright dark green leaves
• low ear placement, medium size, conical
• uniform ears in high dencity
• big kernels, orange-yellow color
BC572
500Quality dent
• excellent quality of grain
• rapid release of water from grains
• shorter, strong stem, long green leaf
• large ear of attractive appearance
• excellent yield in the group
• drought tolerant
BC5982
510Quality dent
• irreplaceable as pig forage
• large ear, 16-20 rows
• golden-yellow grain
• exceptional nutritional value
• hybrid for the entire Croatia
BC525
510Dent
• high germination and energy germination of seeds
• short, uniform stem
• large ear with 16-18 rows
• dent large grain with a large proportion of virtuousness endosperm
• intended for the production of grain at different levels of agro-technical measures
• easy grain and ear harvesting
Klipan
550Quality dent
• record grain yield
• short and strong stem
• large, conical, well tipped-off ear
• large, yellow, dent-type grain
• rapidly releases water from grains
BC532
520Dent
• record yield in the group
• strong stem, shorter than that of KLIPAN
• large, well tipped and low growing ears
• large, yellow, dent-type grain
• rapidly releases water from grains
BC574
530Quality dent
• very good quality of grain
• strong and short stem
• large and well tipped ear
• high and stable yield
• due to a broader genetic base (three-line hybrid) it is highly adaptable to various conditions of production
BC582
580Quality dent
• high level of health of the entire plant makes it tolerant to stresses of drought and high temperatures
• the stem is short, exceptionally strong
• the ear is large, conical, excellent-tipped
• the grains are large, high-quality and orange-yellow
• provides the greatest yields in moderate stands
• excellent over the last few years
BC678
670Dent
• best for silage
• record and stable yield
• sound and strong stem
• large ear, 18-20 rows
• improved quality grain
• for production of grains, grain silage and the entire plant
Riđan
610Quality dent
• the highest-yielding and the earliest in the group according to Variety Committee tests in 2012 and 2013
• the highest-yielding in the first year of tests in production trials in 2014
• medium-tall, strong stem, large ear, well tipped
• very large, reddish grain
• stable yields in various agro-environmental conditions
• excellent proportion of yield and grain quality
Dugi
620Quality dent
• attractive appearance and top range of economic properties
• verified stability guarantees safe production even in larger areas
• the stem is somewhat taller with excellent resistance to failure and lodging
• the ear is particularly long, excellent tipped, and lower-positioned ear contributes to stability of the entire plant
• the grains are of yellow dent type with reddish overtones
• sparser stand is compensated by increasing ears
• an excellent solution for production of silage in the northwestern parts of Croatia
Superslatki
250Corn stick maize
• tasty and healthy food with an increased sugar content
• ears are harvested 25-30 days after fertilisation
• cooking in boiling water for 5-10 min
• to be sown in multiple rows for repeated harvests
• requires spatial or temporal isolation towards other maize
Osman
250Sweet maize
• originating from domestic Osmak type varieties (eight row variety), early and uniform ripening for harvest
• long thin ear, 8-10 grain rows, semiflint type large grain, white corncob
• in the optimum stands, more than 95% of ears are of the 1st class
• in appearance and taste, it does not fall behind varieties on our market
• primarily used for roasting, and possibly for cooking
BC513pc
550Popcorn maize
• strong stem
• longer ear, 16-18 rows
• shiny, orange grain
• best popping with 14% of water
• grain yield of 8 t/ha